How to Grow a Pomegranate Tree from Seed. Works Every Time!

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How to Grow a Pomegranate Tree

Three Methods:

There are few things more delicious in this world than a juicy pomegranate. The glistening insides of the fruit sparkle like so many edible rubies. If you love pomegranate, orPunica granatum, try growing your own plant. While the plant is more shrub-like than tree shaped, you can train your pom to take on the shape of a tree.


Planting the Pomegranate Tree

  1. Choose a suitable variety of pomegranate.Punica granatumis a small deciduous tree. It will grow to about 2.5 metres (8.2 feet) tall, with orange flowers during the summer season. The dwarf variety "Nana" will grow shorter, to about 1 meter (3.2 feet) and are the best for growing in containers. Or, you might like the frilly flowers that grow on the "Beautiful" variety.
    • Be sure to consider your climate when choosing a pomegranate. Most varieties cannot tolerate temperatures below 15 °F (−9.4 °C).
    • There are several ways you can grow a pomegranate: from a seedling, a cutting, or from seed. Growing pomegranates from seeds does not guarantee you will get a certain variety of pomegranate and you will have to wait three or four years before your plant produces any fruit. If you would like to know how to germinate pomegranate seeds, click here.
  2. Obtain the pomegranate cutting or seedling.You can purchase a pomegranate seedling at your local nursery. Be sure to buy a variety that produces edible fruit if you are hoping to be able to eat homegrown pomegranate. However, if you have a friend who has a pomegranate tree, you can also take a cutting from that tree. Cut a branch that is at least 10 inches (25cm) long. Cover the cut end of the branch with rooting hormone to help it grow.
    • Take the cutting in February or March, when the plant is still dormant.
  3. Pick a spot that that gets plenty of sunshine.Pomegranate trees love sunshine and will only fruit reliably when they get enough sun. If you do not have a spot in your yard that gets constant sun throughout the day, pick the spot that gets the least amount of shade.
  4. Choose a soil that drains well.Pomegranate trees are not able to cope with waterlogged soil (known as “soggy feet”). Instead, they do best in well-draining or even sandy soil. Some pomegranate growers maintain that slightly acidic soil is best for pomegranates, though they also grow very well in moderately alkaline soil. For the most part, pomegranates will adopt to the soil they are planted in, so long as it drains well.
  5. Shelter the pomegranate from wind and intense moisture.Plant the pomegranate in a warm, dry spot that is at least partly protected from heavy winds. Avoid planting it in an area of your garden that is moist, dark, or dank. Keep in mind that pomegranates thrive in hot, dry climates.
  6. Plant the pomegranate tree.Plant your pom in early spring after the last frost. Gently remove the seedling from the container. Wash about an inch (2.5cm) of the bottom of the root ball to remove any excess potting medium. Doing this will help the plant establish itself faster than plants transferred straight from the nursery container to the ground. Dig a hole two feet (60 cm) deep and wide and place the pomegranate seedling into the hole.
    • If you are growing the plant from a cutting, loosen the soil and plant the pomegranate branch vertically so that the cut end is about five to six inches (12.5 to 15cm) down in the soil, with the dormant buds pointing up towards the sky.
    • Also, make sure that you dust the plant with a rooting hormone to aid root development.

Caring for Your Pom

  1. Water the pom immediately after planting it.Doing this helps to settle the soil around the newly planted pomegranate. After the initial watering, water the plant daily until it begins to grow new leaves. New leaf growth is the sign that your plant as settled into its new home. Gradually transition to watering your plant every seven to ten days.
    • When the tree is flowering or producing fruit, give the plant a good, deep watering every week. If it rains, you don’t need to water it quite as much.
  2. Fertilize the pomegranate tree once it has become established.Ammonium sulfate fertilizer works well for pomegranates. Sprinkle about ⅓ of a cup of fertilizer three times throughout the first year of growth (February, May and September are ideal times to do this).
  3. Keep the area around your pom weed free.You don’t want any weeds or other plants competing with the pom; it is also difficult to weed around the tree when it is low and shrub-like. Keep the area weeded, or lay down some organic mulch around the plant. Mulch helps to fight weeds and grasses while also retaining moisture for the plant.

Pruning and Maintaining Your Pom

  1. Train the plant into tree form, if desired.While pomegranates are more of a shrub than tree if left to grow untrained, you can trim the plant so that it looks like a tree. This is something that many gardeners do.
    • Using gardening shears or clippers, cut the suckers (the smaller branches that help the plant take on its shrub form) growing at the base of the plant so that it takes on more of a tree shape. Do this shortly after the plant has become established.
    • If you don’t care whether you plant is tree-like or not, let it grow naturally.
  2. Remove dead or damaged parts of the plant.You don’t really need to prune your pomegranate tree to maintain it, but it is a good idea to cut away dead or dying branches in the spring to help the tree grow well. You can also thin the plant as you see necessary.
    • If you are growing the pom in a container, you will need to prune and train a bit more heavily, in order to keep the pom the size and shape you want it to be.
  3. Keep the pom healthy.Avoid mold growth by making sure you do not over water the pom. The two other problems some pomegranates face are aphids and the pomegranate butterfly. You can kill aphids by using a spray bought at your local nursery or garden store. You can also use an integrated pest management practice for killing aphids, which may include attracting ladybugs, spraying trees with water to knock aphids down, or even purchasing predatory insects to consume the aphids.The pomegranate butterfly is not very common and should not be a problem. If it is, use a butterfly spray to rid your trees of the larvae.

Community Q&A

  • Question
    I have had my pomegranate in the ground for two years I have to move the tree. What is the best time to move a pomegranate tree?

    Professional Gardener
    Andrew Carberry has been working with school gardens and farm to school programs since 2008. He was the Arkansas state lead for the National Farm to School Network for 5 years.
    Professional Gardener
    Expert Answer
    The best time to move it is in the winter, when the tree is dormant. Wait until the leaves have dropped off in the winter. Moving the tree when it is actively growing will stress the tree.
  • Question
    Will a pomegranate tree grow in Ontario, Canada?

    Professional Gardener
    Andrew Carberry has been working with school gardens and farm to school programs since 2008. He was the Arkansas state lead for the National Farm to School Network for 5 years.
    Professional Gardener
    Expert Answer
    This is outside the natural growing range. You may be able to grow a pomegranate in a container and move it indoors in the winter. Temperatures below 15 degrees F will kill the tree.
  • Question
    How long does it take for a pom tree to grow?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    This depends on whether you've planted a seed or a nursery-grown tree. Pomegranate seeds sprout easily but it can be another three to five years before you get the first fruits and the tree isn't considered mature until about 5 years of age. If you purchase a healthy and strong tree from the nursery, you may get fruit the same year it is planted, depending on its age at time of planting. Earlier fruit (in the first 3 to 4 years) may not be as large as fruit that grows when the tree is older and it may not ripen sufficiently to be consumed. However, once the tree is established, the good news is that it can live up to 200 years!
  • Question
    Do I need two trees for them to fruit?
    Community Answer
    No, one tree is sufficient.
  • Question
    My Pomegranate tree is about six years old, and it gives a flower twice a year since its fourth year. However, it never produces any fruit.What is the problem with it?
    Community Answer
    It needs some fertilizer or cow dung manure and proper watering weekly.
  • Question
    When is the best time to trim a pomegranate tree?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    The best time for trimming or pruning a pomegranate tree is after the tree has gone dormant to cope with winter. It is also important to only trim it a little at a time, as it is not able to cope with major pruning. To create the tree shape rather than a bush shape, it is okay to remove the base branches while leaving intact the middle upright growing branch. All scraggly, dead and weak branches are fine to remove. If you cut too far back, the plant won't fruit, so keep pruning to a minimum.
  • Question
    Can pomegranate trees be grown in the shade?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Pomegranate trees need plenty of sun to grow well and are not suited to shady environments. If grown in shade, you will likely find that the growth is slow and slim. The ideal place for pomegranate trees is the sunniest position you can find.
  • Question
    The leaves on my pomegranate are turning yellow. Why?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    During the growing seasons of spring to early fall, this may be an indication of insufficient or too much watering. Like most plants, pomegranate trees need the right balance of moisture to grow well. Limit watering as the season changes from summer to fall, allowing the soil to dry out before watering again; after all, pomegranate is a desert plant and it's used to aridity. On the other hand, when the plant is first establishing itself in the ground after transplanting, it needs regular waterings to help the roots take hold. This might be another reason for yellowing of the leaves, so be sure to keep a transplanted tree well watered at least twice a week. Other reasons for yellowing leaves can include sap sucking insects, too much fertilizer or insufficient nitrogen and the cooling temperatures. In the latter case of falling temperatures, this is the normal cycle for the pomegranate, which is a deciduous tree and it will lose it leaves in late fall. If the plant appears otherwise healthy and it's late fall, assume that all is normal.
  • Question
    What zones can pomegranate trees survive in?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Pomegranate trees grow best in areas that have hot summers and cold winters. In the USA, the best zones are the warmer USDA hardiness zones, and generally this means zones 8 to 13. Many pomegranate varieties can tolerate temperatures as low as 15ºF (-9ºC) but if they are in the stage of producing new growth, a frost can kill them. If there is a danger of frosts during the spring growth period, look into getting a cultivar specifically bred to cope with this possibility; talk to your local nursery or garden center about what's on offer.
  • Question
    Can pomegranate be grown in New Zealand?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Pomegranate trees prefer hot summers and cold winters, with poor soil, as would be typical in Middle Eastern desert environments. For the New Zealand context, few places meet each of these requirements but that doesn't mean you can't grow it in New Zealand. The answer is to choose the mini or Nana versions, which are ornamentals, and you should find they grow well. Alternatively, if you live in an area with hotter summers, such as Masterton, you might give the other varieties a try but not have too high an expectation of success––the fruits may be small and they may not ripen sufficiently. If your summer season is either too short or too cool, the fruit probably won't ripen.
Unanswered Questions
  • Why are the fruit rotting or not growing large this year?
  • Will a pomegranate tree grow in PHILIPPINES?
  • Can you plant for the flower open it up and let the see in the grown
  • Will a pomegranate tree grown in Vancouver, Washington in the Pacific Northwest? It usually never gets as cold as 20 degrees. But it does rain a lot here.
  • Can September blooms be saved if the potted pom is brought indoors during the winter? We are located in Northern San Diego County.
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Quick Summary

To grow a pomegranate tree, plant a pomegranate seedling in a sunny spot with well-draining soil. After you plant the seedling, water it every day until it starts to grow new leaves. Then, gradually transition to watering it once a week. On top of watering your pomegranate tree, you should fertilize it 3 times a year so it grows to be healthy and strong. Also, keep the area around your tree free of weeds so they're not stealing nutrients.

Did this summary help you?
  • Pomegranates can be used in many ways, including syrups, juice, fruit salad, wine, vinegar, coffee, cocktails, salad dressings, and more.
  • One pomegranate provides 40 percent of your daily need in vitamin C.[]

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Expert Review By:
Professional Gardener

of How to Grow a Pomegranate Tree was reviewed by on May 19, 2019.

How helpful is this?
Views: 668,921


May 6

"The tips about fertilizing and pruning were most helpful."


Apr 27

"Why I wasn't getting any fruit after 4 years and what to fertilize it with."


Apr 25, 2019

"I already have a pomegranate tree because I moved into a new house and there was one here. That's why I wanted toknow more about the care it needs. Also, I'm thinking to plant another by cutting a branch from it, thanks."

Rachael Hatfield

May 11, 2019

"Finally found a good pomegranate plant and was just about to hit the garden to place it. Glad I gave this a readbecause my first 2 choices would have been bad. Taught about all the time, space and knowledge you need."


Feb 1

"The article described the planting process and provided a high level of detail, which answered my questions. I willcome back and reread the article when I begin harvesting fruit. Thanks."

Trevor Smith

Apr 16, 2019

"Have two pom trees over wintered in pots outside, temp fell as low as 26 F. They are now coming into leaf and about2 feet tall. Looking forward to some fruit in a couple of years. "

Lani Black

May 11, 2019

"Lots of good tips about my newest nursery find. The pomegranate tree I bought is small and cute, with beautifulflowers. I would love to be able to keep it alive and watch it grow."

Deanna Vinyard

Sep 13, 2019

"I just recently aquired germinated pomegranate seeds, so, now I know not to start growing them for a couple ofmonths from now and to be ready to plant them next spring."

Joe Russell

Aug 18, 2019

"Loved pomegranate when I was a kid in west Texas. Moved to east Texas 50 years ago, just saw a pom tree, will askfor a cutting and try planting it. Hope it works."

Bill Mathein

Oct 1, 2019

"I have had pomegranate bushes for years, but did not know that the bushes only needed to be trimmed properly tomake them trees. This is my goal. Thanks."

Mary Barr

Apr 10, 2019

"I am in San Carlos, Sonora, Mexico and I have 2 pomegranate trees and needed information on watering, soil typesand sun exposure. "
Rated this article:

M. Jahns

Mar 26, 2019

"I loved this article, it actually answered all the questions I had about growing poms, including the question andanswer part."

Rachael Hatfield

May 11, 2019

"Placement and what the plant needed for good growth were the most helpful parts, and the description was short andconcise."

Vicki Glanville

Mar 22, 2019

"Covered everything I wanted to know. So far I am doing all the right things. Trees seem happy, was just checking.Thanks."

Valerie Mcconnell

Jul 10, 2019

"How and when to prune our pom tree helped. I know now why our tree bears most of its fruit on the north side of thetree."

Christopher Runciman

Sep 30, 2019

"Very easy to read, well written without too much technical information. The basics, all you need to know!"


Feb 11, 2019

"All the info was most helpful. Keep up the good work of educating home gardeners about growing things."

Michael Rogus

Dec 10, 2019

"Helped educate me on most of what I needed to know about the newly found pomegranate tree in my yard."


Feb 10

"That you, I learned I don't need more than one tree to produce fruit and how to fertilize and prune!"


Feb 13, 2019

"Very informative article that gave me lots of needed advice for my young pomegranate tree! Thanks!"

Aballah Farah

May 18, 2019

"I absolutely enjoy reading this information about how to farm fruits and vegetables."

Aballlah Farah

May 11, 2019

"Absolutely enjoyed reading about how to grow fruits and vegetables."


Sep 10, 2019

"Pruning and replanting an existing tree and planting a new tree."

Maureen Cartner

Jun 4, 2019

"This sorted out all our concerns about our pomegranate!"

K. T.

Jan 27

"Helped a lot, from caring for pom to fruit enjoyment."


Sep 26, 2019

"Step-by-step and how to take care were helpful."


Aug 1, 2019

"When to plant and care for them was helpful.

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Date: 14.12.2018, 02:40 / Views: 73235