How to Grow a Pomegranate Tree
There are few things more delicious in this world than a juicy pomegranate. The glistening insides of the fruit sparkle like so many edible rubies. If you love pomegranate, orPunica granatum, try growing your own plant. While the plant is more shrub-like than tree shaped, you can train your pom to take on the shape of a tree.
Planting the Pomegranate Tree
Choose a suitable variety of pomegranate.Punica granatumis a small deciduous tree. It will grow to about 2.5 metres (8.2 feet) tall, with orange flowers during the summer season. The dwarf variety "Nana" will grow shorter, to about 1 meter (3.2 feet) and are the best for growing in containers. Or, you might like the frilly flowers that grow on the "Beautiful" variety.
- Be sure to consider your climate when choosing a pomegranate. Most varieties cannot tolerate temperatures below 15 °F (−9.4 °C).
- There are several ways you can grow a pomegranate: from a seedling, a cutting, or from seed. Growing pomegranates from seeds does not guarantee you will get a certain variety of pomegranate and you will have to wait three or four years before your plant produces any fruit. If you would like to know how to germinate pomegranate seeds, click here.
Obtain the pomegranate cutting or seedling.You can purchase a pomegranate seedling at your local nursery. Be sure to buy a variety that produces edible fruit if you are hoping to be able to eat homegrown pomegranate. However, if you have a friend who has a pomegranate tree, you can also take a cutting from that tree. Cut a branch that is at least 10 inches (25cm) long. Cover the cut end of the branch with rooting hormone to help it grow.
- Take the cutting in February or March, when the plant is still dormant.
Pick a spot that that gets plenty of sunshine.Pomegranate trees love sunshine and will only fruit reliably when they get enough sun. If you do not have a spot in your yard that gets constant sun throughout the day, pick the spot that gets the least amount of shade.
Choose a soil that drains well.Pomegranate trees are not able to cope with waterlogged soil (known as “soggy feet”). Instead, they do best in well-draining or even sandy soil. Some pomegranate growers maintain that slightly acidic soil is best for pomegranates, though they also grow very well in moderately alkaline soil. For the most part, pomegranates will adopt to the soil they are planted in, so long as it drains well.
Shelter the pomegranate from wind and intense moisture.Plant the pomegranate in a warm, dry spot that is at least partly protected from heavy winds. Avoid planting it in an area of your garden that is moist, dark, or dank. Keep in mind that pomegranates thrive in hot, dry climates.
Plant the pomegranate tree.Plant your pom in early spring after the last frost. Gently remove the seedling from the container. Wash about an inch (2.5cm) of the bottom of the root ball to remove any excess potting medium. Doing this will help the plant establish itself faster than plants transferred straight from the nursery container to the ground. Dig a hole two feet (60 cm) deep and wide and place the pomegranate seedling into the hole.
- If you are growing the plant from a cutting, loosen the soil and plant the pomegranate branch vertically so that the cut end is about five to six inches (12.5 to 15cm) down in the soil, with the dormant buds pointing up towards the sky.
- Also, make sure that you dust the plant with a rooting hormone to aid root development.
Caring for Your Pom
Water the pom immediately after planting it.Doing this helps to settle the soil around the newly planted pomegranate. After the initial watering, water the plant daily until it begins to grow new leaves. New leaf growth is the sign that your plant as settled into its new home. Gradually transition to watering your plant every seven to ten days.
- When the tree is flowering or producing fruit, give the plant a good, deep watering every week. If it rains, you don’t need to water it quite as much.
Fertilize the pomegranate tree once it has become established.Ammonium sulfate fertilizer works well for pomegranates. Sprinkle about ⅓ of a cup of fertilizer three times throughout the first year of growth (February, May and September are ideal times to do this).
Keep the area around your pom weed free.You don’t want any weeds or other plants competing with the pom; it is also difficult to weed around the tree when it is low and shrub-like. Keep the area weeded, or lay down some organic mulch around the plant. Mulch helps to fight weeds and grasses while also retaining moisture for the plant.
Pruning and Maintaining Your Pom
Train the plant into tree form, if desired.While pomegranates are more of a shrub than tree if left to grow untrained, you can trim the plant so that it looks like a tree. This is something that many gardeners do.
- Using gardening shears or clippers, cut the suckers (the smaller branches that help the plant take on its shrub form) growing at the base of the plant so that it takes on more of a tree shape. Do this shortly after the plant has become established.
- If you don’t care whether you plant is tree-like or not, let it grow naturally.
Remove dead or damaged parts of the plant.You don’t really need to prune your pomegranate tree to maintain it, but it is a good idea to cut away dead or dying branches in the spring to help the tree grow well. You can also thin the plant as you see necessary.
- If you are growing the pom in a container, you will need to prune and train a bit more heavily, in order to keep the pom the size and shape you want it to be.
Keep the pom healthy.Avoid mold growth by making sure you do not over water the pom. The two other problems some pomegranates face are aphids and the pomegranate butterfly. You can kill aphids by using a spray bought at your local nursery or garden store. You can also use an integrated pest management practice for killing aphids, which may include attracting ladybugs, spraying trees with water to knock aphids down, or even purchasing predatory insects to consume the aphids.The pomegranate butterfly is not very common and should not be a problem. If it is, use a butterfly spray to rid your trees of the larvae.
QuestionI have had my pomegranate in the ground for two years I have to move the tree. What is the best time to move a pomegranate tree?
Professional GardenerProfessional GardenerExpert AnswerThe best time to move it is in the winter, when the tree is dormant. Wait until the leaves have dropped off in the winter. Moving the tree when it is actively growing will stress the tree.Thanks!
QuestionWill a pomegranate tree grow in Ontario, Canada?
Professional GardenerProfessional GardenerExpert AnswerThis is outside the natural growing range. You may be able to grow a pomegranate in a container and move it indoors in the winter. Temperatures below 15 degrees F will kill the tree.Thanks!
QuestionHow long does it take for a pom tree to grow?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerThis depends on whether you've planted a seed or a nursery-grown tree. Pomegranate seeds sprout easily but it can be another three to five years before you get the first fruits and the tree isn't considered mature until about 5 years of age. If you purchase a healthy and strong tree from the nursery, you may get fruit the same year it is planted, depending on its age at time of planting. Earlier fruit (in the first 3 to 4 years) may not be as large as fruit that grows when the tree is older and it may not ripen sufficiently to be consumed. However, once the tree is established, the good news is that it can live up to 200 years!Thanks!
QuestionDo I need two trees for them to fruit?Community AnswerNo, one tree is sufficient.Thanks!
QuestionMy Pomegranate tree is about six years old, and it gives a flower twice a year since its fourth year. However, it never produces any fruit.What is the problem with it?Gobikrishnan(Gobi)Community AnswerIt needs some fertilizer or cow dung manure and proper watering weekly.Thanks!
QuestionWhen is the best time to trim a pomegranate tree?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerThe best time for trimming or pruning a pomegranate tree is after the tree has gone dormant to cope with winter. It is also important to only trim it a little at a time, as it is not able to cope with major pruning. To create the tree shape rather than a bush shape, it is okay to remove the base branches while leaving intact the middle upright growing branch. All scraggly, dead and weak branches are fine to remove. If you cut too far back, the plant won't fruit, so keep pruning to a minimum.Thanks!
QuestionCan pomegranate trees be grown in the shade?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerPomegranate trees need plenty of sun to grow well and are not suited to shady environments. If grown in shade, you will likely find that the growth is slow and slim. The ideal place for pomegranate trees is the sunniest position you can find.Thanks!
QuestionThe leaves on my pomegranate are turning yellow. Why?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerDuring the growing seasons of spring to early fall, this may be an indication of insufficient or too much watering. Like most plants, pomegranate trees need the right balance of moisture to grow well. Limit watering as the season changes from summer to fall, allowing the soil to dry out before watering again; after all, pomegranate is a desert plant and it's used to aridity. On the other hand, when the plant is first establishing itself in the ground after transplanting, it needs regular waterings to help the roots take hold. This might be another reason for yellowing of the leaves, so be sure to keep a transplanted tree well watered at least twice a week. Other reasons for yellowing leaves can include sap sucking insects, too much fertilizer or insufficient nitrogen and the cooling temperatures. In the latter case of falling temperatures, this is the normal cycle for the pomegranate, which is a deciduous tree and it will lose it leaves in late fall. If the plant appears otherwise healthy and it's late fall, assume that all is normal.Thanks!
QuestionWhat zones can pomegranate trees survive in?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerPomegranate trees grow best in areas that have hot summers and cold winters. In the USA, the best zones are the warmer USDA hardiness zones, and generally this means zones 8 to 13. Many pomegranate varieties can tolerate temperatures as low as 15ºF (-9ºC) but if they are in the stage of producing new growth, a frost can kill them. If there is a danger of frosts during the spring growth period, look into getting a cultivar specifically bred to cope with this possibility; talk to your local nursery or garden center about what's on offer.Thanks!
QuestionCan pomegranate be grown in New Zealand?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerPomegranate trees prefer hot summers and cold winters, with poor soil, as would be typical in Middle Eastern desert environments. For the New Zealand context, few places meet each of these requirements but that doesn't mean you can't grow it in New Zealand. The answer is to choose the mini or Nana versions, which are ornamentals, and you should find they grow well. Alternatively, if you live in an area with hotter summers, such as Masterton, you might give the other varieties a try but not have too high an expectation of success––the fruits may be small and they may not ripen sufficiently. If your summer season is either too short or too cool, the fruit probably won't ripen.Thanks!
Why are the fruit rotting or not growing large this year?
Will a pomegranate tree grow in PHILIPPINES?
Can you plant for the flower open it up and let the see in the grown
Will a pomegranate tree grown in Vancouver, Washington in the Pacific Northwest? It usually never gets as cold as 20 degrees. But it does rain a lot here.
Can September blooms be saved if the potted pom is brought indoors during the winter? We are located in Northern San Diego County.
To grow a pomegranate tree, plant a pomegranate seedling in a sunny spot with well-draining soil. After you plant the seedling, water it every day until it starts to grow new leaves. Then, gradually transition to watering it once a week. On top of watering your pomegranate tree, you should fertilize it 3 times a year so it grows to be healthy and strong. Also, keep the area around your tree free of weeds so they're not stealing nutrients.
- Pomegranates can be used in many ways, including syrups, juice, fruit salad, wine, vinegar, coffee, cocktails, salad dressings, and more.
- One pomegranate provides 40 percent of your daily need in vitamin C.
Sources and Citations
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of How to Grow a Pomegranate Tree was reviewed by on May 19, 2019.
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